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C++中DeviceIoCteatol的用法实例

时间:2018-07-27 23:42来源:网络整理 作者:51自学网
本文是一篇译文,主要以实例形式讲述了C++中DeviceIoCteatol的用法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体方法如下: 应用程序代码如下: 复制代码 代码如下: DWORD dwBytesReturned = 0; BYTE bytBuffer_1

本文是一篇译文,主要以实例形式讲述了C++中DeviceIoCteatol的用法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体方法如下:

应用程序代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

DWORD dwBytesReturned = 0; 
    BYTE bytBuffer_1[512]; 
    BYTE bytBuffer_2[512]; 
    CHAR string[2048]; 
    HANDLE hDevice, hDriver; 
    BOOL bRet; 
bRet = DeviceIoControl(hDriver, IOCTL_WRITE, (LPVOID)bytBuffer_1, 512, 
                            NULL, 0, &dwBytesReturned, NULL); 
    if(bRet == FALSE) 
    { 
        printf("\nFailed - DeviceIoControl - IOCTL_WRITE.\n"); 
        return 0; 
    } 
     
    printf("\nWrite MBR using I/O port operations...\n"); 
 
    bRet = ReadFile(hDevice, (LPVOID)bytBuffer_1, 512, &dwBytesReturned, NULL); 
 
    if(bRet == FALSE) 
    { 
        printf("\nFailed - ReadFile - the second one.\n"); 
        return 0; 
    } 
     
    printf("\nRead MBR using the ReadFile function...\n"); 
    printf("- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -"); 
 
    sprintf(string, "\n"); 
 
    for(DWORD n = 0; n < 512; n++) 
    { 
        sprintf(string, "%s %02X", string, bytBuffer_1[n]); 
 
        if(((n + 1) % 16) == 0) 
            sprintf(string, "%s\n", string); 
 
        if(((n + 1) % 16) == 8) 
            sprintf(string, "%s -", string); 
    } 
 
    printf("%s", string); 
 
    printf("- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -"); 
 
    bRet = DeviceIoControl(hDriver, IOCTL_READ, NULL, 0, (LPVOID)bytBuffer_2, 512, 
                                    &dwBytesReturned, NULL); 
    if(bRet == FALSE) 
    { 
        printf("\nFailed - DeviceIoControl - IOCTL_READ - the second one.\n"); 
        return 0; 
    } 
 
    printf("\nRead MBR using I/O port operations...\n"); 
    printf("- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -"); 
 
    sprintf(string, "\n"); 
 
    for(DWORD t = 0; t < 512; t++) 
    { 
        sprintf(string, "%s %02X", string, bytBuffer_2[t]); 
 
        if(((t + 1) % 16) == 0) 
            sprintf(string, "%s\n", string); 
 
        if(((t + 1) % 16) == 8) 
            sprintf(string, "%s -", string); 
    } 
 
    printf("%s", string); 
 
    printf("- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -"); 
 
    printf("\nSucceed - Kill HDDGMon.\n"); 
    return 1; 
}

驱动代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

#include <ntddk.h> 
 
#define DEVICE_NAME L"\\Device\\KillHDDGMon" 
#define LINK_NAME   L"\\DosDevices\\KillHDDGMon" 
 
#define IOCTL_WRITE CTL_CODE(FILE_DEVICE_UNKNOWN, 0x800, METHOD_BUFFERED, FILE_ANY_ACCESS) 
#define IOCTL_READ  CTL_CODE(FILE_DEVICE_UNKNOWN, 0x801, METHOD_BUFFERED, FILE_ANY_ACCESS) 
 
VOID Unload( 
    __in  struct _DRIVER_OBJECT *DriverObject 
    ) 

    UNICODE_STRING ustrLinkName; 
 
    DbgPrint("Driver Unload....."); 
 
    RtlInitUnicodeString(&ustrLinkName, LINK_NAME); 
    IoDeleteSymbolicLink(&ustrLinkName); 
 
    IoDeleteDevice(DriverObject->DeviceObject); 

 
NTSTATUS DispatchCreateClose( 
    __inout  struct _DEVICE_OBJECT *DeviceObject, 
    __inout  struct _IRP *Irp 
    ) 

    NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS; 
    KdPrint(("Dispatch CreateClose...")); 
 
    Irp->IoStatus.Status = status; 
    IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT); 
 
    return status; 

 
NTSTATUS DispatchIoctl( 
    __inout  struct _DEVICE_OBJECT *DeviceObject, 
    __inout  struct _IRP *Irp 
    ) 

    NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS; 
    PIO_STACK_LOCATION pIrpStack; 
    ULONG outSize; 
    ULONG IoControlCode; 
    PVOID pIoBuffer; 
 
    KdPrint(("Dispatch Ioctl...")); 
 
    pIoBuffer = Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer; 
    pIrpStack = IoGetCurrentIrpStackLocation(Irp); 
    outSize = pIrpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.OutputBufferLength; 
    IoControlCode = pIrpStack->Parameters.DeviceIoControl.IoControlCode; 
 
    switch (IoControlCode) 
    { 
    case IOCTL_WRITE: 
        __asm 
        { 
            push eax 
            push edx 
            //--------------------------------------------------- 
            // 以下代码用I/O端口来写主引导区 
 
            mov dx,1f6h // 要读入的磁盘号及磁头号 
            mov al,0a0h // 磁盘0,磁头0 
            out dx,al 
 
            mov dx,1f2h // 要写的扇区数量 
            mov al,1    // 写一个扇区 
            out dx,al 
 
            mov dx,1f3h // 要写的扇区号 
            mov al,1    // 写到1扇区 
            out dx,al 
 
            mov dx,1f4h // 要写的柱面的低8位 
            mov al,0    // 低8位为0 
            out dx,al 
 
            mov dx,1f5h // 要写的柱面的高2位 
            mov al,0    // 高2位为0 
            out dx,al 
 
            mov dx,1f7h // 命令端口 
            mov al,30h  // 尝试着写扇区 
            out dx,al 
 
still_going_1: 
            in al,dx 
            test al,8   // 如果扇区缓冲没有准备好的话则跳转,直到准备好才向下执行 
            jz still_going_1 
 
            pop edx 
            pop eax 
        } 
        WRITE_PORT_BUFFER_USHORT((PUSHORT)0x1f0, (PUSHORT)pIoBuffer, 256); 
        status = STATUS_SUCCESS; 
        break; 
    case IOCTL_READ: 
        if (outSize >= 512) 
        { 
            __asm 
            { 
                push eax 
                push edx 
                //--------------------------------------------------- 
                // 以下代码用I/O端口来读主引导区 
 
                mov dx,1f6h // 要读入的磁盘号及磁头号 
                mov al,0a0h // 磁盘0,磁头0 
                out dx,al  
 
                mov dx,1f2h // 要读入的扇区数量 
                mov al,1    // 读一个扇区 
                out dx,al  
 
                mov dx,1f3h // 要读的扇区号 
                mov al,1    // 扇区号为1 
                out dx,al  
 
                mov dx,1f4h // 要读的柱面的低8位 
                mov al,0    // 柱面低8位为0 
                out dx,al  
 
                mov dx,1f5h // 柱面高2位 
                mov al,0    // 柱面高2位为0(通过1F4H和1F5H端口我们可以确定用来读的柱面号是0) 
                out dx,al  
 
                mov dx,1f7h // 命令端口 
                mov al,20h  // 尝试读取扇区 
                out dx,al 
 
                still_going_2:  
                in al,dx    // 扇区缓冲是否准备好 
                test al,8   // 如果扇区缓冲没有准备好的话则跳转,直到准备好才向下执行。 
                jz still_going_2     
 
            /*  mov cx,512/2    // 设置循环次数(512/2次)
                mov di,offset buffer
                mov dx,1f0h // 将要传输的一个字节的数据
                rep insw    // 传输数据     */ 
 
                //--------------------------------------------------- 
                pop edx 
                pop eax 
            } 
        READ_PORT_BUFFER_USHORT((PUSHORT)0x1f0, (PUSHORT)pIoBuffer, 256); 
        status = STATUS_SUCCESS; 
        } 
        else 
        { 
            Irp->IoStatus.Information = 0; 
            status = STATUS_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL; 
        } 
         
        break; 
    } 
    Irp->IoStatus.Status = status; 
    IoCompleteRequest(Irp, IO_NO_INCREMENT); 
 
    return status; 

 
 
NTSTATUS DriverEntry( 
    __in  struct _DRIVER_OBJECT *DriverObject, 
    __in  PUNICODE_STRING RegistryPath 
    ) 

    NTSTATUS status = STATUS_SUCCESS; 
    UNICODE_STRING ustrDevName; 
    UNICODE_STRING ustrLinkName; 
    PDEVICE_OBJECT  pDevObj=NULL; 
 
    DriverObject->DriverUnload = Unload; 
    DriverObject->MajorFunction[IRP_MJ_CREATE] = DispatchCreateClose; 
    DriverObject->MajorFunction[IRP_MJ_CLOSE] = DispatchCreateClose; 
    DriverObject->MajorFunction[IRP_MJ_DEVICE_CONTROL] = DispatchIoctl; 
 
    RtlInitUnicodeString(&ustrDevName, DEVICE_NAME); 
    status  = IoCreateDevice(DriverObject, 0, &ustrDevName, FILE_DEVICE_UNKNOWN, 0,FALSE, &pDevObj); 
    if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) 
    { 
        return status; 
    } 
    RtlInitUnicodeString(&ustrLinkName, LINK_NAME); 
    status = IoCreateSymbolicLink(&ustrLinkName, &ustrDevName); 
    if (!NT_SUCCESS(status)) 
    { 
        IoDeleteSymbolicLink(&ustrLinkName); 
        return status; 
    } 
 
    return status; 
}

希望本文所述对大家的C++程序设计有所帮助。

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